Development Objective: To alleviate poverty in Lao PDR (MDG 1) and to promote the country’s environmental sustainability (MDG 7) by increasing industrial productivity and competitiveness and by reducing industry’s environmental and worker health and safety impacts.

Project Title: Demonstration of BAT and BEP in open burning activities in response to the Stockholm Convention on POPs

Other Executing Partner(s):

Ministry of Environment (Cambodia), Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (Lao PDR), Ministry of Environment and Green Development (Mongolia), Department of Environment and natural resources (Philippines), Vietnam Environment Administration, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment  (Vietnam), City of Kitakyushu, International Solid Wastes Association.

Project Objective: Create resource efficient waste management systems to reduce U-POPs emissions through the introduction BAT/BEP in open burning sources.

The project has the primary objective to implement significant and sustainable measures in the participating countries in order to achieve a progressive reduction of U-POPs and other related contaminants emitted from open burning practices. Five substantive Outcomes are proposed to achieve the project objectives and the incremental activities requested for GEF financing are fully elaborated below:

Outcome 1: Strengthened legislative capacity for introducing BAT/BEP in waste open burning source category


Output 1.1: Updated legal and regulatory frameworks for open burning to facilitate waste management improvements and BAT/BEP implementation, and to enable introduction of financing mechanisms.

Activity 1.1.1: Asses the impacts of common and traditional open burning practices in the region interms of releases of U-POPs, GHG emissions, and other contaminants, and the effects/benefits of BAT/BEP application.

Activity 1.1.2: Formulate and propose legislative changes and updated regulations on waste and landfill management targeting common open burning practices. Specifically address U-POPs and other contaminants, consider enabling establishment of financing mechanisms.

Activity 1.1.3: Develop and introduce financing mechanisms and incentive systems based on the updated legislation in support of BAT/BEP implementation.

Activity 1.1.4: Hold workshops and trainings to raise awareness of the impacts and opportunities of the proposed revised legal framework; discuss and disseminate to all relevant stakeholders (in English and local languages).

Activity 1.1.5: Develop toolkits for waste management, including recommendations for BAT/BEP guidelines update (in English and local languages).

Activity 1.1.6: Develop manuals for using financing mechanisms and incentive systems in waste management (in English and local languages).

Outcome 2: Enhanced institutional capacity to carry out BAT/BEP implementation


Output 2.1: Strengthened human resources/institutions on regional/national levels on waste
management and BAT/BEP implementation in open burning of biomass and wastes,
considering gender and social inclusiveness.

Activity 2.1.1: Establish a web-based regional cooperation platform to specifically address open burning issues.

Activity 2.1.2: Carry out targeted trainings for public officers and local authorities involved in waste management, as well as for community stakeholders, aimed to introduce BAT/BEP concepts. Special consideration on gender by encouraging participation of women.

Activity 2.1.3: Carry out targeted trainings for regional/national/local technical staff on disposal facilities (landfill, open dumpsites) on issues connected with open burning sector and BAT/BEP.

Activity 2.1.4.: Carry out education and training on application of financing mechanisms and incentive systems in support of BAT/BEP implementation. Special consideration on gender by
encouraging participation of women.

Activity 2.1.5: Introduce standardized methodologies for carrying out inventories of number and types of waste disposal facilities, dumpsites and landfills in the participating countries, and update them continuously.

 Output 2.2: Enhanced regional/national institutional capacity through the implementation of standardized analytical procedures, data collection, monitoring and reporting procedures and facilities.

Activity 2.2.1: Strengthen the capability of regional/national laboratories for sampling and analyzing UP-POPs, GHG emissions and other contaminants relevant for common landfill management and open burning practices.

Activity 2.2.2: Train management personnel in monitoring, evaluating and reporting on U-POPs, GHG emissions and other contaminants released by open burning.

Activity 2.2.3: Introduce/implement standardized methodologies to continuously update inventories of U-POPs releases from open burning practice.

Outcome 3: BAT/BEP implemented in the open burning sources


Output 3.1: Updated comprehensive assessment of the effects of current practices and impact indicators at the selected demonstration sites.

Activity 3.1.1: Collect detailed environmental and socio-economic data and formulate impact indicators, and evaluate climate change mitigation/adaptation aspects at the selected demonstration
sites. Consider specific local/regional circumstances related to open burning.

Activity 3.1.2: Carry out preliminary monitoring campaigns for U-POPs, GHG emissions and other relevant contaminants released through current practices at the selected demonstration sites.

Output 3.2: BAT/BEP plans developed and implemented at the selected demonstration sites in
each participating country.

Activity 3.2.1: Set up waste management plans with economic incentives and PPP mechanisms to discourage open burning, promote waste recycling, and consider climate change mitigation/adaptation measures.

Activity 3.2.2: Enhance effectiveness of waste collection and segregation, introduce BAT/BEP at the selected dumpsite in Cambodia and promote waste recycling activities. Consider climate change adaptation needs of the site.

Activity 3.2.3: Enhance effectiveness of waste selection and segregation, promote waste recycling activities and investigate climate change mitigation/adaptation measures at the selected landfill in Lao PDR.

Activity 3.2.4: Set up the system for reuse of metal drums to collect ashes, and introduce BAT/BEP at the selected dumpsite in Mongolia considering climate change mitigation/adaptation.

Activity 3.2.5: Set up integrated waste management systems including waste recycling, composting facilities and landfill gas utilization plants at selected municipalities and sites in Philippines.

Activity 3.2.6: Set up a centralized system for collection/reuse of scrap metals, and a system for agricultural residues utilization; develop financial schemes to incentivize full inclusion of local
resources in craft villages in Vietnam.

Activity 3.2.7: Carry out monitoring of U-POPs, GHG emissions and other relevant contaminants on the demonstration sites after the implementation of BAT/BEP, and disseminate the results.

Activity 3.2.8: Evaluate environmental, socio-economic and other co-benefits of implemented measures/activities on all sites, on the basis of the formulated impact indicators. Disseminate the relevant results.

Outcome 4: Improved knowledge and understanding on BAT/BEP and on risks connected with U-POPS, GHG emissions and other contaminants released through open burning


Output 4.1: Awareness raising campaigns aimed to emphasize health and environment hazards of open burning practices, carried out on targeted relevant stakeholders.

Activity 4.1.1: Carry out targeted awareness raising campaigns on environmental and health hazards of U-POPs for public officials, professionals, community leaders, farmers and scavengers. Encourage women participation.

Activity 4.1.2: Develop project website and dissemination materials to share information with stakeholders, also using the established collaboration platform. Include information on business
opportunities, incentive systems and financing mechanisms.

Output 4.2: Educational programs aimed at introducing and promoting alternatives to open burning practices, carried out on targeted groups at several levels.

Activity 4.2.1: Set up trainings for local stakeholders on alternative biomass utilization, recycling and reuse of waste. Include business opportunities and encourage participation of women.

Activity 4.2.2: Design educational programs for schools and families on open burning and waste management. Encourage participation of women.

Activity 4.2.3: Develop education curricula at university level focused on U-POPs, BAT/BEP in waste management and benefits of their implementation. Advanced information on incentive systems and financing mechanisms.

Outcome 5: Established project management structure and the system for monitoring/evaluation of project impact


Output 5.1: M&E framework of the project established

Activity 5.2.1: Hold project Inception Workshop

Activity 5.2.2: Measure impact indicators on an annual basis

Activity 5.2.3: Prepare Annual Project Reports and Project Implementation Reports

Activity 5.2.4: Hold Project Steering Committee meetings at least once a year.

Activity 5.2.5: Carry out mid-term external evaluation

Activity 5.2.6: Carry out annual visits to selected field sites

Activity 5.2.7: Establish a project management information system (MIS) to disseminate information to

Activity 5.2.8: Carry out final external evaluation

Activity 5.2.9: Complete Project Terminal Report

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